(Photo by © Fox Searchlight Pictures)
If you thought your office’s politics were petty, just be glad you weren’t part of the English royal court at the turn of the 17th Century. Personality struggles were a major and – in good news for filmmakers – extremely dramatic part of court intrigue, as seen in the new critically acclaimed comedy-drama, The Favourite. The film, from The Lobster’s Yorgos Lanthimos, depicts a three-way power struggle between England’s Queen Anne (Olivia Colman) and her two power-hungry frenemies, Sarah Churchill (Rachel Weisz) and Abigail Masham, nee Hill (Emma Stone). As with most things involving the British crown, the backstory behind this tale is complicated, slightly absurd, and incredibly juicy. Here are the five historical events that led up to the events of The Favourite.
Queen Anne becomes an unlikely (and not especially good) queen.
(Photo by © Fox Searchlight Pictures)
Queen Anne, played by Colman in a turn that’s already won her a Golden Globe nomination and is generating Oscar heat, began her rule in 1702 thanks to a somewhat odd line of succession. A former monarch, her uncle King Charles II, died without an heir, which meant that Anne’s father, James II, took the throne in 1685. However, he fled England during the Glorious Revolution three years later, and the crown fell to Anne’s older sister, Mary, who ruled alongside her husband William of Orange. Mary ruled until her death in 1694, and William’s reign continued until his death in 1702. After all that, it was time for Anne to take the crown.
Thing is, Anne was not especially good at being a queen. Especially, and tragically, when it came to the job of providing an heir. Though she had 17 children with her husband George, only one survived past infancy, and that boy died at age 11. That meant that there was another succession headache looming, and Anne, who had a nasty case of gout throughout her rule, wasn’t especially shrewd when it came to ruling in the meantime. As control of the country began to shift away towards politics, and away from the monarchy, with the Whig and Tory parties vying for control, Anne was just kind of… there.
Sarah Churchill becomes Anne’s friend, confidant, and bully.
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In 1671, when the future Queen Anne was just six years old, she met a girl named Sarah Jennings and took a liking to her. Dynamic, confident, and older than Anne, Sarah was wise enough to know she should take advantage of this potentially beneficial friendship. Sarah, who would change her last name Churchill upon marrying John Churchill, the First Duke of Marlborough, wielded immense power in the court, as it became widely known that she was the person to approach if you wanted the Queen to do something.
Though Sarah and Anne were very close (a romance between the two has never been confirmed), it wasn’t always a kind relationship. Historians recount that Sarah berated Anne, driving her to tears and bossing the monarch around on several occasions. But, as Anne’s old “friend,” official head of the private royal treasury and bookkeeping, and courtly favorite, Sarah had that kind of power. Or at least, she did.
Abigail Hill joins the court and rises in the ranks.
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The bulk of The Favourite follows the power struggle between Churchill and a new contender for the throne (or at least, the throne’s confidence). Abigail Hill, played by Stone in the film, was Sarah’s cousin, but her branch of the family had fallen on hard times. Sarah brought Abigail, who had been working as a servant, into her personal employ before getting her a gig as a lady of bedchamber for Anne, a decision Sarah would soon come to regret.
Though generally thought to have not been as mercenary as Sarah, Abigail was shrewd, and when Anne started to rely on Abigail for the emotional support Sarah never really gave her, the newcomer was happy to oblige. Queen Anne knew all about Abigail’s marriage to a courtier named Samuel Masham, while Sarah was on the outs and increasingly irritated by Abigail’s rising standing within the court. We won’t say who ultimately won the Queen’s favor, or how – you will need to see the film for that particularly delicious chapter of the story.
(Worth noting, while we’re on the subject, that there’s no concrete evidence that Anne and Sarah or Abigail were lovers in real life).
The Whigs and the Tories also have a go at it.
(Photo by © Fox Searchlight Pictures)
The relationship between Anne, Sarah, and Abigail is the titillating part of the story, but the Queen’s rule was marked by political conflict as well (which is actually quite titillatingly laid out in the film). The Favourite plays more fast and loose with the political aspect of the story than it does with the three women’s relationships, as it would have it, but the gist is that both parties were becoming more powerful in the wake of the Glorious Revolution that overthrew Anne’s father. The queen largely identified with the Tories, since they were more royalist; Sarah, meanwhile, wanted to push Anne into supporting the Whigs, who were more capitalistic puritans. This was the period when England’s two-party system really clicked into place, and it did so as Sarah, Anne, and Abigail were subtly wrestling for influence.
Winston Churchill is involved (sort of!)
(Photo by © Fox Searchlight Pictures)
Winston Churchill is not in The Favourite, since the World War II leader wouldn’t be born until more than a century and a half after Anne’s reign ended. However, he was a descendant of Sarah Churchill’s. Sarah would die at the ripe old age of 84, outliving both the queen and her younger rival Abigail. She wrote a book, An Account of the Conduct of the Dowager Duchess of Marlborough, from her First Coming to Court to the Year 1710, that did not portray Anne in a favorable light. Her characterization of Anne as a feeble and weak leader endured, and it wasn’t until much later that historians reevaluated Anne and her reign. But, history, as the old saying goes, is written by the winners. Or at least the longest-livers. Even now, centuries later, The Favourite is still indebted to Sarah’s accounting of the events, even if the Duchess of Marlborough probably would’ve had some objection to the film’s depiction of her.
The Favourite is in theaters now
3 Key Mistakes to Avoid When Playing Blackjack
Blackjack is the most popular casino game in the world. The card game, sometimes referred to as ‘21’, accounts for an average of 31 percent of all casino table traffic – this is consistent both online and in physical casinos. For reference, the second most popular is roulette (24%) followed by poker (21%).
It’s easy to understand blackjack’s popularity. It’s a simple game to grasp and offers players a mix of luck and skill: luck in the cards that are drawn, skill over how those cards are dealt and a player’s eventual hand. Compare that to roulette, which is based entirely on luck, and poker, which has a huge skill element to it.
However, while the beauty of blackjack is in its simplicity, there are also a number of complexities to the game, and as is the case with almost anything in life, you learn more from mistakes than successes.
With that in mind, here are three key mistakes to avoid when playing blackjack that can significantly increase your chances of winning, while limiting your losses.
Choosing the Wrong Table
Before a single card is drawn, being at the wrong table – whether live or online – is the first mistake to avoid.
First of all, each blackjack table will have different minimum bet requirements so avoid choosing one that is out of your budget. For instance, if you choose a table with a $100 minimum bet and your budget is $200, you might only play two hands.
Secondly, check the payout odds on the blackjack table. These are typically 6:5 and 3:2 and will affect how much gets paid out when you hit blackjack and land other bonus wins. Where possible, choose a 3:2 table as it pays out higher.
Thirdly, choose between a virtual and a live table. This is not so much a mistake to avoid but more comes down to personal preference. Virtual tables allow players to play against an automated computer, so you can play at your own pace, while live tables are usually quicker paced as human dealers are keen to move the game along.
When to Hit and Stand
As a general rule, most blackjack players know to hit when the hand is 12 and to stand when the hand equals 17. However, there are plenty of variables to consider that could influence when to hit and stand. Getting these right can really boost your chances of beating the house, while getting it wrong could prove costly.
One key move to implement is to always hit on a soft 17 – when the two cards are an ace and a six. This means that if you draw a 10 or picture card (jack, queen, king), then you convert your hand into a hard 17. It also gives greater flexibility if you draw a smaller value card as the ace can be used as a one.
While many players adopt a strict ‘never bust’ policy, meaning they always stand when their hand equals 12 or more, this can be ill-advised as it depends almost entirely on the dealer going bust.
Instead, analyze the value of your two cards compared to the dealer’s first card and weigh up the risk factor in drawing another card before the dealer draws their second. As a strict rule, if your first two cards equal 17 or more, then stand – anything else can be hit depending on the situation.
When to Split and Double
If you are playing in a blackjack tournament, either online or live, learning when to split and double can make all the difference to your chances of success. The same also applies to individual games of blackjack.
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Splitting is when you split two cards when dealt the same value cards, so a pair of eights for example. Doubling is when you are given the option to double your bet after being dealt your initial two cards.
While it can be tempting to split and double at every opportunity to increase your winning, doing at the right time is the key.
It is not recommended to split when:
- You are dealt two picture cards or two 10s
- You are dealt two 9s
- You are dealt two 5s
- The dealer holds a 10 or picture card
It is best to split when:
- You are dealt two 8s
- You are dealt two aces
- The dealer holds a 5 or 6 (as this is the highest probability of a bust)
Similar to knowing when to hit and stand, take a brief moment to assess the dealer’s drawn card compared to your own two cards and determine whether the probabilities are in your favour.
Likewise, knowing when to double down – when not to double down – can change the complexities of your blackjack game. A simple rule to know when to double is if your two cards equal 10 and the dealer’s card is between 2-9. Additionally, if you hold an ace, you can consider a double as these have the flexibility of playing as 11 or 1. But if the dealer’s card is an ace, ignore the double.
Blackjack may be a simple game but there are some important strategies to keep in mind next time you head to the virtual or live table. The game itself is still rooted in luck so there are never any guarantees to long-term success. However, by keeping these three important rules in mind, you can at least avoid making avoidable mistakes.
Top 5 Entertainment Activities for College Students
The life of college students is sometimes too complicated. They have to face tons of homework assignments that steal their time. Many students get stressed because of continuous learning. They seem to forget how to relax. If you’re a busy student, you should remember that you’re still young and shouldn’t waste this precious life stage. You can undertake some entertainment activities sometimes. Take your friends and organize funny games to unwind and let off some pressure. We asked writing experts from a professional essay service Smart Writing Service to share their ideas and provide you with top-5 entertainment activities for college students you may like.
Who Are You?
Students, especially freshmen, don’t know each other perfectly. They may be taken by surprise when some of them tell something quite unexpected about their hobbies, preferences, and so on. If you want to know other students better, suggest playing a game called “Who Are You”.
Form at least three teams. If there are many folks, you can form more teams. Choose a speaker of the game. It may be even one of your teachers or professors. All groups will be given topics to discuss. The speaker is supposed to announce a new topic every few minutes. You may discuss and answer the following topics:
- What is the greatest challenge you are facing?
- What do you like or hate most about yourself?
- What is your greatest value in life?
- What emotions do you express easily?
- What is the most valuable thing in friendship?
- Who you want to become in five years?
- What is your major objective for next year?
- Is there something you want to improve about yourself?
- What motto do you try to live by?
- Where would you like to travel?
- If you were to study abroad, what country would that be?
Students should write their answers on index cards. The speaker should gather the answers of every student and shuffle them. Afterward, he/she redistributes them randomly to students. Each person should guess whose card he/she is holding. Play this game after you spend some time together and already know at least something about one another.
Another fun activity is “Sentence Completion.” Most people like it because it’s commonly accompanied by laughter and good mood. It’s necessary to prepare a list of sentences. Those sentences should have a beginning, but with no end. Every student should finish the sentence he/she gets. Oftentimes, students give funny answers. At times, they are quite serious, and we can learn something important about other students. Here are several sentence beginnings you may choose:
- Before I came to college, I was interested in…
- When I was a child, I wanted to become…
- The best moment I remember most about high school is…
- My favorite pet is…
- The things I value most are…
- Five years from now I hope to be…
- My greatest personality trait is…
- My favorite subject at high school was…
- If I could change one thing in the world, it would be…
- My greatest fear is…
- After I graduate from college, I…
The Reception Line
You may likewise try another entertaining activity for college students. It is called “The Reception Line.” Gather all the mates eager to participate. Divide yourselves into two groups. If you form more, it won’t fit the rules of the game. Each person talks to the person in front of him/her until he/she must move. The person at the end of one line goes to the end of the other line. This method makes it possible to meet new people. Thus, students will learn more about each other. You can make shifts every next topic or set a limit. For example, the pair should discuss 5 topics and afterward move to change partners. Here are some interesting topics to discuss:
- Where would you like to travel?
- What motto do you try to follow?
- What is your favorite movie?
- What music do you like?
- What is your favorite hobby?
- Why did you choose this college?
- What do you like about college life the most?
You can likewise suggest a game, which offers only two options. It’s called “Take Sides.” Create a list of questions with two answers. Students should obligatorily choose one of them. Afterward, you may discuss the answers. Let everyone explain his/her choices. Thus, you’ll learn more about each other, and it will bring you closer. Here are several suggestions:
- Watermelon or banana?
- Sweat or bitter?
- Short trips every weekend or a journey around the world for three months?
- Partying or hiking?
- Listen or speak?
- Rock or pop?
- Morning or night?
- Superman or Batman?
- Robocop or Terminator?
- Harry Potter or the Lord of the Rings?
- Los Angeles or New York?
- Liberal or conservative?
- American football or ice hockey?
My Most Embarrassing Moment
You can likewise tell each other about the most embarrassing moments. It’s important to be honest and don’t imagine a story that never took place. All the participants should agree on this term. Commonly, it is a very entertaining activity. Students tell funny stories they’ve been through. It commonly makes them closer.
These activities for college students are very simple to follow. They are really entertaining. Mind that we have mentioned only 5 of them. However, you can try a hundred activities more. Use our examples to have fun and relax. They may inspire you and your friends to look for other entertaining activities.
5 Of The Best Gambling Scenes Of All Time
Gambling can be one of the most dramatic and engaging pastimes to play so it is no wonder then that it has been used as a device to build drama in films for decades. Some of the world’s best movie directors have incorporated American Blackjack, Texas Hold ‘Em Poker and European Roulette into their blockbusters to build tension and keep audiences on the edge of their seats.
Here’s a list of the top 5 thrilling gambling scenes of all-time, the ones that got the blood pumping and went on to become iconic in their own right.
Casino Royale (2006)
Gambling has always been synonymous with James Bond from the early Ian Fleming books to the multi-million-dollar budget films that we enjoy today. Owing to its name alone Casino Royale was always going to feature some pretty exhilarating gambling scenes and it does not disappoint.
The entire movie features a number of casino scenes, but the best comes when 007 faces off against arch-villain Le Chiffre at a high-stakes poker table. In the early exchange Bond loses out to his rival, failing to notice his bluffs.
These early losses are vital to Bond though as in the final hand, with $100 million at stake he calls Le Chiffre’s bluff and wins a dramatic, if not slightly improbable hand. Whilst the scene may have caused many poker enthusiasts to question its realism, it undoubtedly adds an exceptional amount of drama to the film making it iconic.
Never bet against James Bond
The Hangover (2009)
In the 1988 hit film Rain Man, Tom Cruise’s character harnesses his autistic brother’s mathematical prowess to beat the casino and win big on the blackjack table. 21 years later comedy classic The Hangover pays tribute to the iconic scene in hilarious fashion.
Alan, the quirky and somewhat odd brother of the groom dresses up and heads over to the blackjack table. As the cards are dealt a series of complicated equations appear on the screen as Alan appears deep in thought.
After watching the cards intently Alan starts to bet big and ends up winning! There isn’t much in the way of drama and tension in this scene as The Hangover is a comedy first and foremost, but it makes our list because of the way it throws back excellently to Rain Man.
Unfortunately for those playing online, you’ll be unable to recreate Alan’s heroics as trustworthy sites like 888 online casino have Random Number Generator’s in operation, this is a complex computer program that is responsible for generating numbers in a random manner, making it impossible to count cards, but you can still find plenty of the fun and drama when you login and play American Blackjack.
This hilarious scene pays homage to the classic Rain Man film in fun fashion
Cool Hand Luke (1967)
Despite being released over 50 years ago this iconic film still has enough drama and action to captivate modern audiences. The movie’s main protagonist Luke Jackson – portrayed excellently by Paul Newman – is a decorated war veteran who is sentenced to two years in a chain gang prison camp for destroying parking meters after a night of heavy drinking.
Initially Luke struggles to find his place in the prison hierarchy but he does earn a modicum of respect from his fellow prisoners after not throwing in the towel during a brutal prison fight.
He does fully win the respect of the other inmates though after successively bluffing his way to the jackpot in an intense and dramatic game of poker. His final bluff leads one of his fellow players to utter the most iconic line from the move, “sometimes nothing can be a real cool hand.”
Paul Newman is exceptional in his portrayal of Luke Jackson in this classic film and plays it real cool in this iconic poker scene
Throughout the years plenty of directors have tried and failed to produce a movie based solely on the premise of gambling. So many efforts have failed that many within the industry thought the 1998 film Rounders was doomed to failure.
The film followed Mike, a naïve student who gambled away his tuition money, his girlfriend, his law degree and almost his entire life. In a desperate move to repay his debts Mike ends up borrowing $10,000 from his old university professor to buy-in to an underground poker game.
Ultimately Mike pulls off an insane bluff to win the jackpot and get his life back on track, but to viewers his win never feels like a certain thing. The director and writers work together to build a scintillating scene full of subtle nuances and individual moments of drama that make this film and absolute must-watch.
Films about gambling usually fail to hit the mark with audiences but Rounders bucks that trend, particularly with this insanely dramatic poker scene
Everyone loves a fantasy film but what truly captures the imagination of an audience is a film inspired by true events. Starring Kevin Spacey, Laurence Fishburne and Jim Sturgess 21 is the story of the MIT team that used their mathematical skills to count cards in some of America’s biggest casinos.
Ben, the lead character puts together a team of mathematics majors that count cards at blackjack tables to earn huge amounts of money. The most iconic scene in the movie comes when the team puts on disguises to head back to Planet Hollywood, a casino they have already duped.
In the scene the team scam their way to $640,000 in winnings before being spotted by casino staff and making their great escape. In a final twist as Micky, one of the team members is making his escape in a limousine he releases his chips are fake and that he’s been set-up.
Without ruining the ending of the film, this realisation sets the film up for a pulsating finale that will have you on the edge of your seat throughout.
21 is so captivating because it is based on the real-life antics of a MIT card counting team